Monocots of Orange County, California

...and nearby places

Compiled by Peter J. Bryant, School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697.
To comment, mailto:pjbryant@uci.edu
*, exotic species; +, listed species. Glossary

Agavaceae: Agaves. Characteristics and Hesperoyucca - Nolina comparison    

Small-flowered Soap Plant, Chlorogalum parviflorum

Wavy-leaved Soap Plant, Chlorogalum pomeridianum

Chaparral Yucca,
Hesperoyucca whipplei
   
Alismataceae: Water plantains    

* Common Water-plantain,
Alisma plantago-aquatica

Northern Water Plantain,
Alisma triviale

Upright Burhead,
Echinodorus berteroi
   
Alliaceae: Onions and relatives.Characteristics  

Red-skinned Onion,
Allium haematochiton

San Bernardino Mountains onion, Allium monticola

Mexicali Onion,
Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare

Early Onion,
Allium praecox
 
Araceae: Arums Arecaceae: Palms Asphodelaceae

Least Duckweed,
Lemna minuta

* Water Cabbage,
Pistia stratiotes

California Fan Palm,
Washingtonia filifera

* Soap Aloe,
Aloe saponaria

* Onionweed,
Asphodelus fistulosus
Cyperaceae: Sedges and bulrushes. Characteristics

Sea Clubrush,
Bolboschoenus maritimus

Santa Barbara Sedge,
Carex sp., prob barbarae

Woolly Sedge,
Carex pellita

Field Sedge,
Carex praegracilis

Schott's Sedge,
Carex schottii

San Diego Sedge,
Carex spissa

Rusty Sedge,
Carex subfusca

* Variable Flatsedge,
Cyperus difformis

Tall Flatsedge,
Cyperus eragrostis

Redroot Flatsedge,
Cyperus erythrorhizos

Tigernut Sedge,
Cyperus esculentus

Umbrella Sedge,
Cyperus involucratus

Black Flatsedge,
Cyperus niger

* Nutgrass,
Cyperus rotundus

Pale Spikerush,
Eleocharis macrostachya

Sand Spikerush,
Eleocharis montevidensis

Common Spikerush,
Eleocharis palustris

Low Bulrush,
Isolepis cernua

* Shortleaf Spikesedge,
Kyllinga brevifolia

Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus var. occidentalis

Chairmaker's Bulrush,
Schoenoplectus americanus

Southern (California) Bulrush, Schoenoplectus californicus

Panicled Bulrush,
Scirpus microcarpus
Cyperus odoratus #
Eleocharis parvula #
Scirpus maritimus #
Scirpus pungens #
Scirpus robustus #
 
Iridaceae: Irises.  

* Blue Sceptre,
Aristea major

* African Flag,
Chasmanthe floribunda

* Yellow Iris,
Iris pseudacorus


Blue-eyed Grass,
Sisyrinchium bellum

 
Juncaceae: Rushes. Characteristics

Spiny (Sharp-leaved) Rush,
Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii

Baltic Rush,
Juncus balticus ssp. ater

Toad Rush,
Juncus bufonius

Pointed Rush,
Juncus oxymeris

Panicled Rush, Juncus phaeocephalus, var. paniculatus

Basket Rush,
Juncus textilis

Irisleaf Rush,
Juncus xiphioides
     
Lemnaceae: Duckweeds     Juncaginaceae: Arrow grasses
Liliaceae: Lilies. Characteristics

Globe Lily,
Calochortus albus

Catalina Mariposa Lily,
Calochortus catalinae

Plummer's Mariposa Lily,
Calochortus plummerae

Splendid Mariposa Lily,
Calochortus splendens

Intermediate Weed's Mariposa Lily, Calochortus weedii var. intermedius

Weed's mariposa lily,
Calochortus weedii var. weedii

Plain Mariposa Lily (Shy Mariposa Lily), Calochortus invenustus

Chocolate Lily (Mission Bells), Fritillaria biflora

Humboldt Lily,
Lilium humboldtii ssp. ocellatum
 
Melanthiaceae

Orchidaceae: Orchids: Characteristics. Awaiting photos: Thin Wood Rein Orchid, Piperia leptopetala: Very rare and difficult to find.  It was found only once on a steep slope in Holy Jim Canyon at 2000 ft. in 1948.


Fremont's star lily,
Toxicoscordion fremontii


Spotted Coralroot Orchid, Corallorhiza maculata


Stream Orchid,
Epipactis gigantea


Cooper's Rein Orchid,
Piperia cooperi


Wood Rein Orchid,
Piperia elongata

Poaceae: Grasses Pontederiaceae: Pickerel Weeds Potamogetonaceae: Pondweeds  

Separate index page

* Water Hyacinth,
Eichhornia crassipes

* Curly-leaf Pondweed,
Potamogeton crispus

Leafy Pondweed,
Potamogeton sp., prob foliosus
 
Ruppiaceae : Widgeonweeds Ruscaceae: Butcher's Brooms Hesperoyucca - Nolina comparison Scheuchzeriaceae:
Scheuchzerias
Sparganiaceae: Bur-reeds

Spiral Ditchgrass,
Ruppia cirrhosa

Beaked tasselweed,
Ruppia maritima

Chaparral Nolina,
Nolina cismontana
 
Broadfruit Bur-reed,
Sparganium eurycarpum
Zanichelliaceae: Horned pondweeds      
Themidaceae. Characteristics

Golden Stars (Common Goldenstar), Bloomeria crocea

Thread-leaved Brodiaea,
Brodiaea filifolia

Orcutt's brodiaea,
Brodiaea orcuttii

Dwarf Brodiaea,
Brodiaea terrestris

Blue Dicks, Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum
Typhaceae: Cattails. Characteristics and comparison Zosteraceae: Eel grasses

Southern Cattail,
Typha domingensis

Broad-leaved Cat-tail,
Typha latifolia
 
Torrey's Surfgrass,
Phyllospadix torreyi

Eel grass,
Zostera marina
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