Herbs, rarely shrubs or trees, usually with hollow stems (culms) solid at the nodes, and with 2-ranked, parallel-veined lvs. consisting of 2 parts; the sheath and the blade, the former enveloping the culm with the margins overlapping or rarely grown together.  At the junction of the sheath and blade, on the inside, is a membranous hyaline or hairy appendage, the ligule.  The flowers are perfect, sometimes unisexual, minute, without a distinct perianth, arranged in spikelets consisting of a shortened axis, the rachilla, and 2-many distichous bracts, the 2 lowest, glumes, being empty; rarely 1 or both of them obsolete; in the axil of each succeeding bract, the lemma, is borne a single floret, subtended and usually enveloped by a 1-2 nerved bract, the palea, with its back to the rachilla; at the base of the flower between it and the lemma, are usually 2 very small hyaline scales, lodicules.  Stamens usually 3, with delicate fils. and 2-celled versatile anthers.  Pistil 1, with a 1-seeded, 1-ovuled ovary, usually 2 styles and plumose stigmas.  Fruit a caryopsis with starchy endosperm and usually enclosed at maturity in the lemma and palea, free or adnate to the latter.  The lemma with its palea and flower constitute a floret.  Spikelets arranged in spikes, racemes or panicles with bractless branches.  About 600 genera and 7500 spp.; from all parts of the world.  (Munz, Flora So. Calif. 934).


Upper Newport Bay species within the family:


Agrostis stolonifera                                            

Agrostis viridus                                           

Alopecurus pratensis                                              

Arundo donax                                                 

Avena barbata                                                 

Avena fatua                                                     

Avena sativa                                                    

Brachypodium distachyon                               

Briza minor                                                                                           

Bromus carinatus var. carinatus # 

Bromus catharticus #                    

Bromus diandrus                                              

Bromus hordeaceous                                        

Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens           

Bromus tectorum                                             

Cortaderia selloana                                              

Cynodon dactylon                                                                                               

Cynodon hydrid   

Digitaria sanguinalis  

Distichlis spicata #  

Echinochloa crus-galli  

Ehrharta erecta

Festuca arundinacea  

Festuca pratensis  

Hordeum depressum #  

Hordeum murinum ssp. gussoneanum  

Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinum  

Hordeum vulgare  

Lamarckia aurea  

Leptochloa uninervia #  

Leymus condensatus  #  

Leymus triticoides #  

Lolium multiflorum  

Melica imperfecta var. felxuosa #

Melica imperfecta #                                         

Monanthocloe littoralis #                                 

Muhlenbergia microsperma #                         

Nasella lepida #                                             

Nasella pulchra #                                             

Parapholis incurva                                    

Paspalum dilatum                                    

Pennisetum setaceum                                             

Phalaris aquatica                                               

Phalaris canariensis                                          

Phalaris minor                                     

Piptatherum millaceum                                

Poa annua

Poa secunda ssp. secunda #        

Polypogon interruptus  

Polypogon monspeliensis  

Schismus barbatus  

Setaria pumila  

Setaria verticillata  


Sorghum bicolor


Sorghum halepense  

Spartina foliosa #  

Sporobolus airoides #  

Stenotaphrum secundatum  


Vulpia myuros var. hirsuta

Vulpia myuros var. myuros