of the Figwort Family are herbs or shrubs with 5 united sepals and 5 petals with
a tubular throat, which expands into 2 lips, the upper lips with 2 lobes and the
lower lip with 3. The stamens,
5,4,or 2, are often in pairs, 1 shorter. The
fruit is a dry capsule.
is a large family familiar in gardens (Snapdragon, Foxglove) and generously
represented wild in California. (Dale
traditionally known, the Family Scrophulariaceae consists of approximately 275
genera and over 5,000 species worldwide. In
recent years DNA sequences of various genes has provided a greater knowledge of
the evolutionary relationships than the anatomy and morphology on which
traditional relationships have been based. As a result of the DNA testing, the family Scrophulariaceae
will be divided into at least seven groups that will bear the rank of family.
These will vary in size and some will be quite geographic in focus.
(Olmstead, Richard G. “Whatever Happened to the Scrophulariaceae?”
FREMONTIA, A Journal of the California Native Plant Society Vol.
30. No 2. April 2002
None of the Scrophulariaceae in upper Newport Bay will remain in the family; all will be moved to Orobanchaceae, Phrymaceae or Veronicaceae. Castilleja and Cordylanthus will be in family Orobanchaceae; Antirrhinum, Linaria, Penstemon and Veronica will be in family Veronicaceae and Mimulus will be in family Phrymaceae. No changes will be made in my records at this time. (my comments).
Upper Newport Bay species within the family:
Antirrhinum nuttallianum ssp. subsessile #
Castilleja affinis ssp. affinis #
Castilleja exserta #
Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimus #
Linaria canadensis #
Mimulus aurantiacus #
Penstemon spectabilis #