Galium angustifolium Nutt. ssp. angustifolium
Rubiaceae (Madder Family)
Perennial plants 15-100 cm. high, the fertile, square branches arising
singly or in tufts from the nodes of slender, woody scaffold stems; stems
glabrous to hispid, the internodes commonly 2-7 cm. long, generally much longer
than the lvs.; lvs. 5-27 mm. long, in whorls of 4, filiform to strapshaped, the
margins usually with hairs, lvs. not congested toward base of plant; infl.
usually diffuse, with abundant fls. and frs.; corolla not hairier than herbage;
mature frs. with white spreading hairs 3 -3.5 mm. long; fruiting pedicels
usually shorter than frs.; corolla cream to greenish-yellow.
Dry often shaded places below 8000 ft.; many Plant Communities; n. L.
Calif. to Tehachapi Mts. and Santa Ynez Mts.; Santa Lucia Mts.; Santa Catalina
Greek, gala, milk, certain spp. being used to curdle milk. (Munz,
Flora So. Calif. 762). Latin,
angustus, narrow and Latin, folium, a leaf. (Jaeger 19,104).
Uncommon in the study area. First
found in 1987 on a mostly shaded bank at the large bend in Back Bay Dr. just
northerly of the old salt works dike. In
1994 I found several large plants on the bench above the location of the first
find. Without mature fruits this
plant is difficult to identify, as the hairs do not appear until maturity. (my
comments). Delfina Cuero, a Kumeyaay or Southern
Diegueno Indian, made the following comments about Galium angustifolium
in her autobiography: "Used
for diarrhea by boiling as a tea. It
was gathered when green and in bloom and could be dried and saved till
needed." (Shipek 90). About 300 spp., widely
distributed. (Munz, Flora So.
Abrams, Vol. IV 38; Hickman, Ed. 981; Munz, Flora So. Calif. 764.
May 2 87 # 10A,11A,12A; June-July 87 # 1,2.; April-May 94 #21A.
Identity: by R. De Ruff, confirmed by F. Roberts.
First Found: May 1987.
Computer Ref: Plant Data 322.
Have plant specimen.
Last edit 10/26/04.
May Photo June Photo