MORACEAE

 

MULBERRY FAMILY

 

As now delimited, the Mulberry Family comprises about 55 genera and 900-1000 species of herbs, shrubs and trees, sometimes vines, mostly tropical, yielding various subjects for horticulture.  Plants often with milky juice; leaves mostly alternate and usually simple; flowers small and inconspicuous, regular, mostly imperfect and plants monoecious or dioecious, usually aggregated into heads or spikes or the staminate racemose, the pistillate sometimes on the inside of a hollow receptacle (Ficus); perianth single without clear distinction of sepals and petals, in 1-6, mostly 4 imbricated parts which are of the same number as the stamens and opposite them; ovary 1-2-celled and 1-2 ovuled, superior or inferior, stigmas 1-2; fruit various, sometimes a separate achene as in hemp, sometimes achenes or drupes imbedded in or enveloped by the thickening fleshy perianth and thereby forming a syncarp as in mulberry, or achenes contained inside a fleshy body or syconium as in the fig.  (Bailey 336).

 

Upper Newport Bay species within the family:

 

Ficus benjamina