or sometimes annual herbs, usually of moist places.
Stems tufted or from creeping or erect rootstocks, mostly simple, terete
or compressed. Leaves alternate,
sheathing, grasslike, flat to terete. Inflorescence
usually compound or decompound, paniculate, corymbose or umbelloid, rarely
reduced to 1 flower. Flowers borne
singly and each subtended by a bractlet,
or in headlike or spikelike clusters and not individually subtended;
inflorescence usually subtended by 1 or more bracts.
Perianth small, regular 6-parted into 3 outer and 3 inner glumaceous
segments. Stamens usually 3 or 6;
anthers adnate, introrse, 2-celled. Ovary
superior, 3- or 1-celled, with 3-many ovules, 1 style, 3 filiform stigmas.
Fruit a loculicidal capsule, 3-many seeded; seeds small, round to
elongate, with fleshy endosperm. Eight
genera, perhaps 300 species, widely distributed.
(Munz, Flora, So. Calif. 908).
Newport Bay species within the family:
acutus ssp. leopoldii #
bufonius var. bufonius #
Juncus mexicanus #