Hedypnois cretica (L.) Dum.-Cours.
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)
Plant Characteristics: Low
annual, branches diffuse or spreading, 1-3 dm. long; basal lvs. petioled, often
lobed, the cauline oblanceolate, 3-10 cm. long, serrate; peduncles rather long,
mostly naked; invol. 8-10 mm. high; inner phyllaries strigose with short stiff
bristles; ligules yellowish with purple tip;
aks. cylindric, ribbed, not beaked, 6-7 mm. long; pappus-paleae 2 mm.
long, the bristles 5 mm. long.
Habitat: Local but
rather widespread weed below 750 m. March-May.
Name: Hedypnois, a name given by Pliny to a kind of wild endive. (Hickman,
Ed. 276). Latin, creticus,
of the island of Crete. (Jaeger
General: Occasional in
the study area, having only been found in the Santa Ana Heights area and at the
top of the Castaways Bluffs. Also
in the creek bed at 23rd St. in 1993 and on the bluff top on the westerly side
of the bay in 2005. (my
pappus of the inner achenes in double series; the inner set composed of
bristles, the outer of short scales, or sometimes none.
(Robbins et al. 471).
Delfina Cuero, a Kumeyaay or Southern Diegueno Indian, made the following
comment about Hedypnois cretica in her
autobiography: "The whole
seeds (not ground) are boiled for tea to drink for stomach trouble".
(Shipek 91). A small genus of Medit. region. (Munz, Flora So. Calif.
Text Ref: Abrams, Vol.
IV 588; Munz, Calif. Flora 1302; Munz,
Flora So. Calif. 182; Robbins et al.
Photo Ref: April 1 83
# 9,11; March-April 86 # 21,22; April 2 87 # 14A,17A; April 2 93 # 21A,22A.
Identity: by F. Roberts.
First Found: April 1983.
Computer Ref: Plant Data 180.
Have plant specimen.
Last edit 5/8/05.
April Photo April Photo